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2019年中考英语考纲词汇 A

本文摘要:1600个纲领词汇是中考必考焦点词汇,对于这些词汇要求听说读写译都得会,掌握其搭配、结构和习惯表达。ps:真的没有永久记着单词的方法,就是要多看多听多说多写、常温习。 没事的时候,打开这个专栏,努力背单词。A a(an) [ə, eɪ(ən)]art.一(个、件……)用法:不定冠词的常见用法①第一次提到,表现泛指。②含有数量“一”的观点,可是不如one强烈。

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1600个纲领词汇是中考必考焦点词汇,对于这些词汇要求听说读写译都得会,掌握其搭配、结构和习惯表达。ps:真的没有永久记着单词的方法,就是要多看多听多说多写、常温习。

没事的时候,打开这个专栏,努力背单词。A a(an) [ə, eɪ(ən)]art.一(个、件……)用法:不定冠词的常见用法①第一次提到,表现泛指。②含有数量“一”的观点,可是不如one强烈。

ability [əˈbɪlɪtɪ]n.能力;才气a man of ability 有能力的人the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力able [ˈeɪb(ə)l]a.能够;有能力的be able to do sth. 有能力做某事about [əˈbaʊt]prep. 对于,关于;约莫;在…...周围be about to do 即将......We were about to go when it suddenly rained.我们正要出发,突然天下雨了。look about 四处寻找run about 随处跑What/How about…?above [əˈbʌv]prep.在……上面above all 最重要的是Above all, the work must be finished before nine by ourselves.最重要的是,事情必须在九点之前由我们自己独立完成。注意:above的反义词为belowabroad [əˈbrɔːd]ad.到(在)外洋from abroad 从外洋,从外洋His parents have just come back from abroad.他的怙恃刚刚从外洋回来,我们去探望他们吧。

go abroad 出国absent[ˈæbsənt]a.缺席;不在accept [əkˈsept]vt.接受近义词辨析:accept 和receiveaccept 是“接受、认可“的意思,是收到并接受;receive 有”收到“的意思,但纷歧定接受。I received a lot of gifts on my birthday, but I didn’t accept any.生日那天我收到许多礼物,可是我并没有收下任何礼物。

I received his invitation but I didn’t accept it.(我收到他的邀请,但我没接受。) accident [ˈæksɪdənt]n. 事故; 偶然 by accident意外地,偶然地a traffic accident 交通事故according to prep. 凭据…;依照according to凭据,根据achieve[əˈtʃiːv]vt.到达;取得He hopes to achieve all the aims soon . (他希望很快告竣所有目的。) across [əˈkrɔs]prep横过;穿过across prep.在…...劈面,横穿近义词辨析:across 和throughacross表现“横过,穿过”,着重指从门路或物体外貌的一边到另一边(外貌)。

across the street 横过马路 through “穿过,从……中间通过”,着重指从空间的一头穿到另一头(内部)。through the forest 穿过森林act [ækt]n. v.法律;条例演出,饰演(角色);演出,行动act as担任(起...作用)词性转换:actor/actress n.男演员/女演员action [ˈækʃ(ə)n]n.行动We must take action right now, otherwise we'll be late.我们现在就得接纳行动了,否则就迟到了。active[ˈæktɪv]a.努力的,主动的take an active part in 努力到场...... I don’t think everyone should take an active part in the social activities.我认为并不是所有的人都应该努力到场到社会运动中去。

activity[ækˈtɪvɪtɪ]n.运动actor[ˈæktə]n.演员,男演员,行动者actress[ˈæktrɪs]n.女演员add[æd]vt.增添;增加add to 增加,增添add up 合计add up to 合计达add…to… 把......添加到......address[əˈdres]n.地址advantage [ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ]n.优点;利益advertisement [ədˈvɜ:tɪsmənt](ad)n.通告;启事;广告Have you read the want ad in the newspaper?你看过报纸上的招聘广告吗?Put an advertisement in the newspaper advice [ədˈvaɪs]n.忠告;劝告;建议a piece of advice一条建议ask for advice寻求建议give advice提建议take/follow one's advice接受/采取某人的建议advise[ədˈvaɪz]vt.忠告;劝告;建议advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事My teacher advised me to do more reading. (我的老师建议我多读。) afford [əˈfɔːd]vt.肩负的起(……的用度);抽的出(时间);提供Mary was not able to afford a new car.(玛丽买不起新车。)afraid[əˈfreɪd]a.畏惧的;担忧的be afraid of 畏惧...... Don't be afraid of asking for help from others.不要畏惧向别人求助。

be afraid for 担忧...... I'm afraid for my sister. 我担忧我的妹妹。I'm afraid so./I'm afraid not. /I'm afraid that….Africa n.非洲African a.非洲的,非洲人的after [ˈɑːftə(r)]adv./prep/conj. 在...…之后;晚于after all 终究,究竟It has turned out to be a nice day after all.天气终于转晴了。afternoon [ɑːftəˈnuːn]n.下午,午后in the afternoonon Monday afternoonon the afternoon of…again[əˈɡeɪn]ad.再一次;再,又again and again 一次又一次地,重复地,再三地I called him again and again, but he didn’t answer the telephone.我一次又一次地给他打电话,可是他就是不接。

now and again 有时He came to see me now and again.他已往有时来探望我。against [əˈɡeɪnst]prep.对着,阻挡①对着,阻挡If no one is against this plan, let's carry it out. 如果没有人阻挡这个计划,那我们就开始吧。②靠着,依着The policeman asked the young man to stand against the wall. 警员下令谁人年轻人靠着墙站好。

age [eɪdʒ]n.年事;时代for one's age 论年事 He looks older for his age because of years of hard work. 由于多年操劳,他看起来比实际年事大。at the age of 在...…岁时ago [əˈɡəʊ]ad. 以前long ago 良久以前,从前Long long ago there was a king and he loved horses. 良久以前,有一位国王,他喜爱马。

some time ago 不久前Some time ago, I heard he would come to see me. 不久前,我听说他要来看我。a while ago 适才He was here a while ago. 他适才还在这儿。

近义词辨析:ago 和 before ago: 应注意两点:①用于一般已往时;②它所指的时间是从现在算起。before: 也应该注意两点:①用于已往完成时;②她所指的时间不是从现在算起,而是从已往某一时刻算起。A short time before, tall trees had covered the country for many miles around. 在那时不久之前,高峻的树木笼罩着周遭数英里。

agree [əˈɡriː]v.同意;应允近义词辨析:agree to 和 agree withagree to: 意思 是“同意”,后面接表现计划、摆设、意见、条件之类的名词或动词原形,表现愿意协助事情。Do you agree to this agreement? 你同意这项协议吗?He didn't agree to help us. 他差别意资助我们。agree with: 意思是“与……(意见)一致”后面一般接人,也可接意见、看法等。

但不含有协助的意思。I don't agree with what you said. 我差别意你说的话。I don't agree with your idea. 我差别意你的主意Her father didn't agree to buy him a computer. (她父亲差别意给她买电脑。

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)agree on 就......告竣一致agreement[əˈɡriːmənt]n.同意;一致;协定air [eə(r)]n.空气;大气by air 乘飞机in the (open) air 在户外airport [ˈeəpɔːt]n.航空站,飞机场at the airport 在机场alive [əˈlaɪv]a.在世的,存在的all [ɔːl]adj.&pron.全部的,所有的all day 整日all kinds of 种种各样的all over 遍布 all right 行,可以all along 一直,始终not at all 基础不in all 总共allow [əˈlaʊ]vt.允许,准允allow sb to do sthFather allowed me to go to the cinema .(父亲允许我去看影戏。)allow doingalmost [ˈɔːlməʊst]ad.险些,差不多alone [əˈləʊn]a.单独的,孤苦的近义词辨析:lonely/alonealone 指“独自一人的”,强调客观事实,通常只放在动词、系动词之后,作表语He was alone in the room. 他独自一人在屋里。lonely 指“孑立的”、“孤苦的”,表现主观感受,在句中作口号或主语。

用作定语修饰地方时。along [əˈlɔŋ; (US) əˈlɔŋ]adv. & prep沿着;向前;配合,一起;all along 始终,一直I knew the truth of the matter all long. 那件事情的真相我始终是清楚的。along with 于.……一道Yesterday I went along with my brother to the shop.昨天我和我的弟弟一道去了那家商店。

get along with 和......相处aloud[əˈlaʊd]ad.高声地read aloud 高声朗读already [ɔːlˈredɪ]ad.已经近义词辨析: already/yet already: 用于完成时的肯定句中。yet :“尚(未),已经”(用于否认句、疑问句中,谈论将要发生的事情)also [ˈɔːlsəʊ]ad.也although [ɔːlˈðəʊ]conj.虽然;只管always [ˈɔːlweɪz]ad.总是;一直;永远America [əˈmerɪkə]n.美国;美洲American [əˈmerɪkən]a.n.美国人;美国人的;美国人among [əˈmʌŋ]prep.在……中间;在(三个以上)之间近义词辨析:among/between这两个词都含有“在……中间”的意思。among 用于“三者或三者以上之间”He built a house among the forest. 他在树林中盖了一间房。

between 则用于“两者之间”What is the difference between the two words?这两个词的区别是什么?ancient [ˈeɪnʃənt]a.古代的;古老的and [ənd, ænd]conj.和;又;而and so on 等等This book tells about food, fruits, dishes and so on.这本书讲了有关食物、水果、菜肴等等有关的工具。angry [ˈænɡrɪ]a.生气的,恼怒的be angry with/at/aboutanimal[ˈænɪm(ə)l]n.动物another [əˈnʌðə(r)]a.pron.再一;另一;此外;差别的;另一个answer [ˈɑːnsə(r); (US) ˈænsər]n.&v.回覆;解决方案;反映I couldn’t answer all the exam questions.我没能作答全部的试卷问题。

the answer to sth. ......的谜底/解决方案ant [ænt]n.蚂蚁There are some ants in the tree. 树里有一些蚂蚁。any [ˈenɪ weɪ]pron. 任何一小我私家/物adj.每一的;任何一个的anybody[ˈenɪbɔdɪ] pron.任何人,无论谁anyone [ˈenɪwʌn]pron.任何人,无论谁anything [ˈenɪθɪŋ]pron.什么事(物);任何事(物)anyway[ˈenɪweɪ]ad.不管怎样anywhere [ˈeniweə(r)]ad.任何地方appear[əˈpɪə(r)] vi.泛起It appears that he's lost interest in singing.(看来他对唱歌失去兴趣了。)apple [ˈæp(ə)l]n. 苹果April [ˈeɪpr(ə)l]n.四月area [ˈeərɪə]n.面积;地域;区域;规模;领域arm [ɑːm]n.臂,支架army [ˈɑːmɪ]n.军队around [əˈraʊnd]prep.围绕;围绕;在...…四周arrive [əˈraɪv] vi.到达;到达arrive at/inThey arrived in Hangzhou on time.(他们定时到达杭州。

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)art [ɑːt]n.艺术,美术;武艺article [ˈɑːtɪk(ə)l]n.文章;工具;冠词artist [ˈɑːtɪst]as[əz, æz]adv./conj./prep 同样地;与……一样;作为as…as…(用于比力)与...…一样......Tom is as tall as his brother. 汤姆和他弟弟一样高。as a result 效果He works hard all day, as a result, he got a good mark in his English exam. 他整日努力学习,因此在英语考试中取得了优异的结果。as if 好像,似乎He talks as if he knew about it. 他说起来似乎知道这件事似的。

as long as 只要,和……一样长:You will do well in your English study as/so long as you keep on.只要坚持下去,你一定能学好英语。as well 也My class went to the cinema and I went there as well. 我们班去影戏院了,我也去了那里。Asia [ˈeɪʃə]n.亚洲Asian [ˈeɪʃ(ə)n, ˈeɪʒ(ə)n] n./a. 亚洲人;亚洲(人)的ask[ɑːsk]v.问,询问;请求,要求;邀请ask sb to do sth.ask for 请求,寻求He asked a policeman for help when was in trouble yesterday. 昨天他有难题时向警员求助。

asleep[əˈsliːp]a.睡着的,熟睡fall asleep 入睡Though it is 12 in the night. I still find it hard to fall asleep.只管已经是夜里12点钟了,我发现还是很难入 睡。词型转换:sleep/sleeping/sleepy/asleepat [æt]prep.在(几点钟);在(某处)Atlantic Ocean n.大西洋attend[ətend]v.到场,出席,上大学attention[əˈtenʃ(ə)n]n.体贴;注意pay attention to 关注/注意......August [ˈɔːɡəst]n.八月aunt [ɑːnt; (US) ænt]n.伯母;舅母;审;姑;姨Australia [ɔˈstreɪljə]n.澳洲;澳大利亚Australian [ɔˈstreɪlɪən]a.n.澳洲的;澳大利亚的;澳大利亚人autumn [ˈɔːtəm]n.秋天,秋季mid-autumn 中秋in autumnthe mid-autumn festivalavoid [əˈvɔɪd]v.制止;躲开;逃避She should avoid eating too much chocolate. 她应该只管少吃巧克力。awake [əˈweɪk]v.&a.叫醒;醒着的This morning I was awoken by my alarm clock. 今早我是被闹钟闹醒的。

away [əˈweɪ]ad.脱离;远离 awful a.恐怖的,极坏的未完待续。


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